Currently half of the EBRDâ€™s energy portfolio supports fossil fuels, which includes US$1 billion in past financing for coal
By Nilima ChoudhuryÂ
Pressure is growing on the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to agree tighter regulations on its funding of new coal power plants.
A series of consultations on the EBRD’s draft energy policy are taking place this week. Currently half of the EBRDâ€™s US$8.9 billion energy portfolio supports fossil fuels, which includes US$1 billion in past financing for coal.
The bank recently drew up new guidelines that propose an emissions cap of 550 grams/kWh, meaning that the only new fossil fuel plants it is likely to support will be natural gas, but campaigning groups say it has not ruled out future support for coal.
“It should lead the way in investing in a fossil fuel free world â€“ starting immediately by abandoning coal projects such as the Kolubara B lignite power plant in Serbia or the Kosova e Re lignite power plant in Kosovo,” WWF’sÂ Jason Anderson said in an emailed statement.
“These projects will lock in polluting emissions for decades to comeâ€ť.
Over 17,000 people have signed a joint NGOsâ€™ petition to the EBRD to end its investment in coal, which will be delivered this week.
WWFâ€™s global petition to all major investors, including the EBRD, has been signed by more than 40,000 concerned people asking for greater investments in clean, renewable energy.
European NGO Bankwatch says that between 2006 and 2011, while the current energy policy of the EBRD was in place, the bankâ€™s annual coal lending increased from 60 million to 262 million euros.
An EBRD spokesman told RTCC that the bank’s proposed new energy strategy is a radical improvement on this.
â€śSpecifically it [the draft] says that we will only finance such a plant if it is the least carbon intensive of the realistically available alternatives.
â€śWe recognise that coal presents a major issue for the climate and in most cases we turn down the coal projects we are asked to finance.â€ť
The bank has already invested â‚¬8.3 billion (US$11 billion) to 161 direct operations in the energy sector. These received 40% of all financing under the bankâ€™s Sustainable Energy Initiative, which also includes coal projects.
Sustainable energy investments by the EBRD have grown from 10 projects for â‚¬400 million (US$527 million) in 2006 to 24 projects for over â‚¬880 million (US$1159.5 billion) in 2012.
â€śCoal is a critical concern,â€ť said the spokesman. â€śHowever it is actually a small part of our activities in this sector and for most of our countries of operation it simply isnâ€™t an issue.â€ť
Comments on the draft energy strategy should be submitted to the EBRD before the deadline of 30 September.