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Poland argues for delay to EU 2030 climate package

Former COP19 president Marcin Korolec says that EU should wait till 2015 to decide on climate package to align with UN


By Sophie Yeo

Poland’s top climate change official has called for the EU’s new emissions reduction package to be delayed until 2015, a year later than planned.

Marcin Korolec, president of this year’s UN climate summit and Polish Secretary of State for climate change, said that an EU agreement on a package of measures to tackle climate change for the decade up to 2030 should not be finalised until 2015.

Speaking at a conference in Brussels this week, Korolec said that delaying the final decision until the following year would align the process with the UN negotiations, which would prevent the bloc from being “abandoned” by less ambitious countries.

“We need targets and instruments [that are] competitive enough with Asia and Canada and the US,” he said.

The EU has said it will announce its initial package on the 22 January next year, which will go to the Council for final discussions in March. Targets are currently hovering between a 35-45% reduction to emissions, an increase on the current target of 20% by 2020.

Rather than holding up the EU process, Korolec said that this would be a chance for officials to “think and be prepared with a position in due time and in a due way”.

Last month, the UN’s climate body decided that countries should be ready with their emission reduction pledges by the first quarter of 2015 – enough time for these to be reviewed before they are finalised in a treaty to be drawn up in Paris at the end of the year, but after the EU’s favoured deadline of 2014.

EU leadership

Poland has gained a reputation for acting as an obstacle within the EU, which as a whole has forged a reputation for leading on tackling climate change.

The EU is currently the only bloc that has planned to put its international emissions reductions targets on the table before 2015, as its 2030 domestic package will form the basis of its commitment within the UN framework.

“We have to continue to have an ambitious greenhouse gas reduction target,” said EU Climate Commissioner Connie Hedegaard yesterday in an interview with news agency Vieuws.

She added that she thought having independent efficiency and renewables targets as part of the overall package was the best way to drive down emissions.

Within the 28-nation bloc, some countries are less ambitious than others. Despite hosting this year’s UN climate conference, Poland falls far behind on climate ambition.

Reuters reported Korolec saying last month that: “This tendency of some European politicians stressing that the EU is a leader is in my opinion counterproductive.”

The eastern European country, which depends upon coal for 90% of its energy mix, invited criticism last month for hosting a coal summit at the same time as the UN’s climate talks. The Polish presidency was accused of holding up the negotiations by putting its national interests ahead of international goals.

Bas Eickhout, a Member of the European Parliament for the Green Party, told RTCC that Poland had yet to propose an emissions reduction target for the EU’s 2030 package, in contrast to the UK, which is currently pushing for 50% cuts in greenhouse gases.

“I haven’t seen anything from Poland,” he said. “Poland was reluctant to come forward with percentages.”

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  • John WB

    These targets should not be delayed they should be abandoned altogether.

  • Tony Day

    UK’s proposal of 50% carbon emissions reduction by 2030 projects a loss to EU of 0.04% of GDP. This is wholly unbelievable and is based on the same computer model GLOCAF which was used to advise HMParliament in 2008 that decarbonisation via electrification in order to reduce UK’s emissions by 80% by 2050 would cost 0.06% of GDP. In reality, UK and EU energy policy is such that delivering a tiny fraction of decarbonisation is already causing the UK domestic price of electricity to rise at double the general rate of inflation. This is both economically and politically unsustainable.

    The GLOCAF model used by UN and DECC is fundamentally flawed as it is based on carbon trading cost optimisation whereas UK and EU policy is to subsidise the mass deployment of technologies with the highest marginal cost of carbon.

    Underlying this is the fact that GLOCAF models the cost of international carbon trading, and not the real cost of energy, which is the fundamental economic metric experienced in the real economy. GLOCAF is also based fundamentally on the proposition of decarbonisation via electrification. Electricity is the most expensive widely available energy vector. Replacing other lower cost energy vectors by more expensive electricity must have a negative economic impact which GLOCAF fails to model as it does not include any comparisons with non-electrification based decarbonisation pathways.

    GLOCAF fails to model:

    1 The cost of energy.
    2 The relative costs of low carbon electricity and other low carbon energy vectors.
    3 The effects of policy supporting technologies with high marginal cost of carbon.
    4 The technical and economic interactions between various energy vectors which determine the ‘whole system’ cost of energy.
    5 The price/supply/demand elasticity of energy.
    6 The multiplier effect of energy being a universal economic ‘good’ whose price as an economic input impacts the output cost of goods and services at every stage in the economic value chain.

    It is travesty that UK and EU energy policy is being so sadly misinformed at a time when the rising cost of energy is causing significant political and economic problems throughout the EU. Crap IN = GLOCAF = Crap OUT?

    It is very possible that Poland’s politicians are doing the whole of the EU a favour by taking the ‘heat’ for slowing a policy whose true economic impact has yet again been seriously misrepresented by far from disinterested parties.

  • Brian H

    The EU is the only participating party — other than the usual suspects among the rent-seeking regimes of the world. Paris will therefore consist of the EU contracting to commit to paying off the poseur “victims” of AGW forever. No one else will be stupid enough to join them.