Wikileaks’ climate change highlights
By John Parnell
On the day when Wikileaks founder Julian Assange was at the centre of an international legal tug of war between the UK, Ecuador, Sweden and the US, it is important to remember why the site has created so much discomfort in diplomatic circles.
In particular, on climate change, they provide a fascinating insight to the behind the scenes action of the international climate change negotiations. The majority of the cables were written just a few months after the near collapse of the Copenhagen climate change negotiations when the US and China took the blame for the last minute implosion of a meaningful emissions deal.
A global voluntary agreement was signed-off eventually but the failure of the talks tainted the process.
“French Environment Minister Jean-Louis Borloo told the Ambassador that the key to advancing climate negotiations is to drop the notion of a legally binding treaty in favour of a system of national commitments. He also argued that it would be up to a small group of eight or ten heads of state, and their sherpas, to negotiate implementation of the Copenhagen Accord.”
The US on China
21 January 2012, US Consulate in Shanghai
China’s role at climate talks in Copenhagen
“China has played a positive and constructive role in the climate negotiations by maintaining cohesion among developing countries.”
China angry with UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown
“China’s only concession during the talks was more cooperation with international organizations on verification of compliance on reduction commitments. The Europeans, however, “played a lot of tricks” and took advantage of their “united front” to endeavor to push CHINA to increase its carbon intensity reductions to an unacceptable level of 60 percent.
“[TEXT REMOVED] said Premier Wen was quite angry that UK Prime Minister Brown had simply repeated European earlier demands on the 60 percent target.”
China’s Government struggles to keep up with negotiation process
“The behavior of China’s delegation at Copenhagen reflects not only a lack of coordination between the Foreign Ministry and National Development and Reform Commission, but also that China´s internal decision-making process does not mesh with the fast-moving negotiating environment that characterized the Copenhagen discussions.”
Maldives offers to host a landmark climate change speech by President Obama
February 26, 2010, Meeting with Maldives’ Ambassador to the US and the State Department, Washington DC
“[Ambassador] Ghafoor proposed that President Obama deliver a speech on climate change from Maldives when he next visits the region. He said Maldives would provide a dramatic backdrop and draw further attention to environmental challenges the islands face.”
The US on Saudi Arabia
February 12, 2010, US Embassy in Saudi Arabia to Todd Stern and Jonathan Pershing of the US State Department
Saudi Arabia looks to soften climate change stance
“There appears to be a growing sense within the SAG that it may be in danger of becoming isolated on climate change, which may prompt a re-examination of its position. Saudi officials have suggested that they need to find a way to climb down gracefully from the country’s tough negotiating position.”
Saudi worried about funding new economy for growing young population
“On one hand, Saudi Arabia’s lead climate change negotiator has criticized the Copenhagen process in private and in public, arguing that the UNFCCC process is the only acceptable legal framework. On the other hand, Saudi officials are very eager to obtain investment credits for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and other technology transfer projects that will only become available once an agreement has been reached. Saudi officials express concern about the impact a transition to a low-carbon energy mix will have on the country’s revenue stream at a time when it faces enormous financing needs to transform its economy to create jobs for its young, growing population.”
US looks to leverage OPEC countries via the UAE following its “low key” approval of Copenhagen Accord
22 February 2010, From the US Embassy in Abu Dhabi
“Thani Al Zayoudi, a policy advisor at the Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company (Masdar) who also serves as Masdar’s Director of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) Department, told EconOff on February 22 that the UAE had kept its association low key for political reasons. He noted that Kuwait had rejected the Accord and that Saudi negotiator Al Sabban had told the UAE in a recent call that Saudi Arabia also planned to reject the Accord.”