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Public policies to boost the energy

       transition: academic smart solutions

       to public and private organizations

       By Cácia Pimentel and Maria João Rolim

       Public policies play a critical role in establishing a stable environment to facilitate the global energy
       transition. Policymakers can set the direction and pace of the transition by implementing policies
       that increase in stringency over time, such as emissions offset and trading schemes, carbon taxes,
       government procurement, awards and subsidies, among other instruments.

       Universities and research centers can offer   This way, when public policies are offered by
       technical assistance, planning resources,   national and sub-national governments, the
       customized consulting and training to help   Mackenzie Center contributes by offering in-
       public and private organizations achieve   depth studies with legal tools and regulatory
       energy goals related to local resource   solutions. The responsibility for the great
       reliance, institutional, social and economic   dilemmas faced by the nation also belongs to
       resilience, enhanced institutional capacity and   civil society, including academic centers.
       lower energy costs.
                                           For this reason, the Mackenzie Integrity
       The Mackenzie Integrity Center for Public   Center developed, among its program
       Policy is providing support to organizations   areas, a distinguished energy governance
       to achieve a just transition. The Mackenzie   program to study the energy governance in
       Integrity Center is an academic institute in São   Brazil, such as its comparative advantages
       Paulo, linked to the one of the most acclaimed   and technical and regulatory limitations.
       universities in Brazil. The philosophy   The focus is to allow the modernization of   Dr. Cácia Pimentel (left) and Dr. Maria João Rolim (right)
       behind the Mackenzie Center is to offer   the regulatory infrastructure that leverages
       the grounds to bring together researchers,   the energy transition in Brazil, not only with   The modernization of infrastructure and
       public authorities, technical and C-Level   socio-environmental protection, but also with   logistics is also a topic studied by the energy
       representatives of the public and private   development and economic growth.  governance program at the Mackenzie
       spheres in an integrity center to analyze                                Center, as it is one of the main bottlenecks
       Brazilian challenges and prepare proposals   Brazil has a large comparative advantage in   in the energy transition. The necessary
       that can be implemented in public policies,   relation to the rest of the world to reach the   investments are substantial and require
       providing advances for the country.  global target of decarbonization of at least   greater constructive collaboration between
                                           80% by 2050. The Brazilian energy matrix   public authorities and the private sector,
       It is an unprecedented initiative in Brazil that   is composed of 45% clean energy, while   including international financing and the
       presents legal, scientific and technological   the world average is only 15%. However, the   participation of multilateral development
       action, which encourages the development   growth in the use of fossil energy sources,   banks. Studies by the Mackenzie Center
       of research with high academic performance,   diesel subsidies and other policies that   indicate the most effective tools to bring
       as well as promoting excellence in consulting   promote deforestation and greater emissions   security to financial investment flows,
       and advanced courses for the improvement   of greenhouse gases put at risk the socio-  including a more competitive business
       and proposition of public policies and   environmental ecosystems, the sustainable   environment and carbon credits as a payback
       business guidelines, which ensure integrity in   economic growth and the goals established   for the investments in a low-carbon economy.
       the economic sector.                by Brazil in multilateral organizations. Energy
                                           policies need more precise legal contours that   The energy transition needs to be grounded in
       Integrity translates into the global   pragmatically lead to the target of sustainable   security pillars and consider the ecosystem’s
       understanding of a problem, thinking about all   development, by restructuring the production   infrastructure and resilience to avoid severe
       the facets involved, whether ethical, scientific,   of biofuels and bioelectrification, providing a   economic dislocations and ensure social and
       technological, legal, regulatory, economic,   regulatory structure for CCUS technologies,   financial support. The energy governance
       socio-environmental and political. This way,   and taking advantage of the legal framework   professors and researchers of the Mackenzie
       the Mackenzie Center works not only upon   for innovation, the agricultural sector, the   Integrity Center are committed to delivering
       demand from the public or private initiative,   extensive coastline and the diversity of   a complete cycle of highly qualified and
       but it identifies the need and acts in the   Brazilian biomes.           structuring education and regulatory solutions.
       elaboration of proposals to face the problems.

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